In this paper we study a Geo/Geo/1 queue with T-IPH vacations, where T-IPH denotes the discrete-time phase type distribution defined on a birth and death process with countably many states. Both the multiple and single vacation strategies are considered. For each case, based on the system of stationary equations and using complex analysis method, we firstly give the probability generating functions (PGFs) of stationary distributions for queue length and sojourn time. Moreover, by analysis the PGFs, recursive and asymptotic formulas for additional queue length and additional delay are also given. Finally, we further give some numerical examples to show the effectiveness of the method.